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Katakopanishad Bhashya

Katakopanishad Bhashya of Acharya Madhwa is published in Kannada and Sanskrit PDF Format

The fifth Upanisad is Katakopanishad, which belongs to the Katakashaka of Yajur Veda. This is the famous Upanishad with the episode of Nachiketa. Till Acharya wrote a commentary on this upanishad, the 3rd question of Nachiketa has remained a Gordian Knot. It was believed that the question was about whether life would exist after death. That was the meaning with which all other commentators explained this questions. Nobody had thought about the absurdity of putting this question to Yama himself, who rules the world where all the individuals are believed to go after death. For the first time Acharya Madhwa raised objection to this traditional explation and rejected it.

ನ ಚ ಮೃತ್ವಾ ಯಮಂ ಪ್ರಾಪ್ರಸ್ಯ ನಚಿಕೇತಸೋ ಮೃತೋSಸ್ತಿನಾಸ್ತಿ ವೇತಿ ಸಂಶಯೋSಸ್ತಿ |

What acharya intends to mean here is this: ” There cannot be any doubt in the mind of Nachiketa regarding the existence of Jiva (Being) after death, because on account of his father’s curse he gave up his physical existence and presented himself before Yama. His question therefore is not about the existence of life after death but about the existence of the devine power. The question discussed here, according to Acharya, is not the existence of the Jiva that has freed itself from the body, but about the relationship between liberated Jiva and the Devine.

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